Pictorial Review

Ultrasound and computed tomography in the evaluation of mesenteric lesions: A pictorial review

Snehal I. Kose, Sapna Singh, Anju Garg, Alpana Manchanda, Rajdeep Singh
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 27, No 1 | a2595 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v27i1.2595 | © 2023 Snehal I. Kose, Sapna Singh, Anju Garg, Alpana Manchanda, Rajdeep Singh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 November 2022 | Published: 24 May 2023

About the author(s)

Snehal I. Kose, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India
Sapna Singh, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India
Anju Garg, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India
Alpana Manchanda, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
Rajdeep Singh, Department of Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India


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Abstract

The mesentery is a broad fan-shaped fold of peritoneum that suspends the loops of small intestine from the posterior abdominal wall. Although primary neoplasms arising in the mesentery are rare, the mesentery is a major avenue for the dissemination of tumours, which can spread through hematogenous, lymphatic, direct or peritoneal seeding. Imaging helps in the diagnosis of these tumours and aids in directing appropriate treatment by assessing their size, extent and relationship with adjacent structures. The aim of this article is to describe the spectrum of imaging findings of the various mesenteric lesions using ultrasound and CT.

Contribution: Evaluation of the mesentery is often neglected during routine ultrasound (US) because of inadequate training and unfamiliarity with the common US features encountered with mesenteric disease. CT plays an essential role in the diagnosis of mesenteric disease. Knowledge of imaging characteristics of various mesenteric lesions helps in timely diagnosis and management.


Keywords

CT; computed tomography; ultrasound; inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour; gastrointestinal stromal tumour

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