Case Report

Atypical exophytic liver mass: Giant pedunculated hepatic haemangioma masquerading as a gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the gastric wall

Venkatram Krishnan, Sunil K. Bajaj, Abhilash Sethy, Neetika Gupta
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 23, No 1 | a1697 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v23i1.1697 | © 2019 Venkatram Krishnan, Sunil Kumar Bajaj, Abhilash Sethy, Neetika Gupta | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 December 2018 | Published: 18 March 2019

About the author(s)

Venkatram Krishnan, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India
Sunil K. Bajaj, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India
Abhilash Sethy, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India
Neetika Gupta, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India


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Abstract

Haemangioma is the most common benign tumour of the liver. However, an exophytic hepatic haemangioma, especially the pedunculated form, is very rare. Giant pedunculated haemangiomas are prone to complications because of the narrow size of the pedicle. A large number of lesions can potentially present as exophytic liver masses, and accurate diagnosis can sometimes be challenging. We report a case of an incidentally discovered asymptomatic giant pedunculated liver haemangioma in the region of the lesser sac in a prospective renal donor, which was initially suspected to be a gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the stomach wall. Multiphasic computed tomography and confirmatory magnetic resonance imaging scans ultimately revealed the true nature of the lesion, which turned out to be an exophytic pedunculated hepatic haemangioma from the left lobe of the liver. The lesion was then surgically resected and histopathologically confirmed to be a haemangioma. The patient subsequently underwent successful renal donation as planned. Being a benign lesion with characteristic imaging features, accurate radiological diagnosis is absolutely essential for the appropriate management of such atypical haemangiomas.


Keywords

hemangioma; giant hemangioma; pedunculated hemangioma; lesser sac hemangioma; exophytic liver mass

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