Case Report

Hypertensive encephalopathy with CT confirmatin in four children with acute renal disease

S. Andronikou, M. Patel, P. Sinclair, M McCulloch
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 9, No 1 | a92 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v9i1.92 | © 2005 S. Andronikou, M. Patel, P. Sinclair, M McCulloch | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 February 2005 | Published: 03 April 2005

About the author(s)

S. Andronikou, Department of Paediatric Radiology Red Cross Children’s Hospital and University of Cape Town, South Africa
M. Patel, Department of Paediatric Radiology Red Cross Children’s Hospital and University of Cape Town, South Africa
P. Sinclair, Department of Paediatric Nephrology Red Cross Children’s Hospital and University of Cape Town, South Africa
M McCulloch, Department of Paediatric Nephrology Red Cross Children’s Hospital and University of Cape Town, South Africa

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Abstract

Hypertensive encephalopathy (HE) isa clinical syndrome that occurs infrequentlyin children and is oftenunderdiagnosed. We review fourpatients with HE and describe theirclinical presentation and radiologicalfindings on computed tomography(CT). Our cases demonstrate typicalfeatures on CT and correlate clinicallywith the syndrome of HE. Promptrecognition of the syndrome aids inearlier diagnosis and treatment, andhence proves beneficial to the patient.

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