Original Research

Trans-abdominal ultrasonic findings correlated with CD4+ counts in adult HIV-infected patients in Benin, Nigeria

B O-E Igbinedion, T T Marchie, E Ogbeide
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 13, No 2 | a543 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v13i2.543 | © 2009 B O-E Igbinedion, T T Marchie, E Ogbeide | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 February 2009 | Published: 15 June 2009

About the author(s)

B O-E Igbinedion, West African College of Surgeons (Radiology), National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (Radiology), Radiologic Society of North America, American Roentgen Ray Society
T T Marchie,
E Ogbeide,

Full Text:



Objective: The objective of this study is to document the abdominal ultrasound findings in HIV infected patients and compare it with their CD4+ count. Patients and method: 300 confirmed HIV positive patients had abdominal ultrasonography done at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital from November 2007 to January 2008. Each patient’s sonographic findings were correlated with their CD4+ category using the WHO’s HIV classification index. Result: Splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, renomegaly, hyperechoic splenic parenchyma, increased renal echogenicity and lymphadenopathy are among the common sonographic findings. However, few of these findings correlated statistically with the CD4+ count. Conclusion: The versatile diagnostic tool, ultrasound, should continue to be an important imaging equipment in several impoverished communities. In the evaluation of HIV infected patients, its use is invaluable and should be promoted.


Abdominal ultrasound, HIV, AIDS, CD4+ count, correlated, Benin-city.


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