Case Report

Rupture of an ovarian artery aneurysm following normal vaginal delivery

F van Schouwenburg, H Lameen
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 15, No 2 | a327 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v15i2.327 | © 2011 F van Schouwenburg, H Lameen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 February 2011 | Published: 31 May 2011

About the author(s)

F van Schouwenburg, KZN university, South Africa
H Lameen, KZN university, South Africa

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Abstract

A 30 year-old woman presented at the casualty department 12 days after having given birth to a healthy baby via normal vaginal delivery. She complained of increasing pain and a mass in her right flank. There were no complaints of nausea, vomiting, dysuria or abnormal bowel habits.
On examination, the patient was acutely distressed, in severe pain and was anaemic with an Hb of 5 g/dl. Her blood pressure was 151/71 mmHg and her pulse rate 125/minute. Physical examination revealed a severely distended abdomen with features of peritonitis.
An abdominal ultrasound revealed a large abdominal fluid collection and a CT scan was therefore requested. A contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrated a large homogenous retroperitoneal fluid collection in the right flank, with a 25mm rounded, intensely enhancing focus located close to the inferior border of the collection. The collection displaced the bowel to the left and inferiorly, and the liver, superiorly.
The differential diagnosis included a ruptured ovarian artery aneurysm. As soon as the patient was stable, she was taken for ovarian artery embolization that was successfully accomplished. The patient recovered well in the ward.

Keywords

CT daignosis; Overian artery aneurysm embolisation

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