Pictorial Review

Bamboo spine – X-ray findings of ankylosing spondylitis revisited

Antoinette Reinders, Matthys J van Wyk
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 16, No 3 | a294 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v16i3.294 | © 2012 Antoinette Reinders, Matthys J van Wyk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 February 2012 | Published: 10 September 2012

About the author(s)

Antoinette Reinders, Doctor, South Africa
Matthys J van Wyk, Consultant, South Africa


Ankylosing spondylitis is a debilitating disease that is one of the seronegative spondylarthropathies, affecting more males than females in the proportion of about 6:1 in the age group 15 - 35 years of age. Early radiographic findings include bilateral sacro-iliitis and early axial (lower lumbar spine) ankylosis. Typical X-ray findings are florid spondylitis (Romanus lesions), florid diskitis (Andersson lesions), early axial ankylosis, enthesitis, syndesmophytes and insufficiency fractures. Typical radiological abnormalities are pointed out on conventional X-rays and reviewed for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of patients at risk.


Ankylosing Spondylitis


Total abstract views: 4221
Total article views: 37694

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.