Case Report

Suprasellar pilocytic astrocytoma with leptomeningeal dissemination

Siti S. Mohamad Zaini, Hilwati Hashim, Emy S. Rosani, Nor S. Bakar, Suryati Mohd Yusuf
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 28, No 1 | a2876 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v28i1.2876 | © 2024 Siti S. Mohamad Zaini, Hilwati Hashim, Emy S. Rosani, Nor S. Bakar, Suryati Mohd Yusoff | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 February 2024 | Published: 27 May 2024

About the author(s)

Siti S. Mohamad Zaini, Department of Radiology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Hilwati Hashim, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh, Malaysia
Emy S. Rosani, Department of Radiology, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Sungai Buloh, Malaysia
Nor S. Bakar, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh, Malaysia
Suryati Mohd Yusuf, Department of Pathology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

Leptomeningeal dissemination is a rare manifestation of pilocytic astrocytoma. It may occur with higher-grade tumours like medulloblastoma, ependymoma and high-grade glioma, but is extremely rare with low-grade glioma. There has been a growing number of reported cases documenting leptomeningeal dissemination of pilocytic astrocytoma in the medical literature.

Contribution: Description of a World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I suprasellar pilocytic astrocytoma with leptomeningeal dissemination in the brain and spinal cord which showed progression of the leptomeningeal nodules without tumour upgrading on long-term follow-up.


Keywords

pilocytic astrocytoma; leptomeningeal; suprasellar; low-grade tumour; metastasis.

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