Case Series

Cystic lung tuberculosis in children: A series of five cases

Chetna Mishra, Pooja Abbey, Rama Anand, Varinder Singh, Ravinder Kaur
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 27, No 1 | a2725 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v27i1.2725 | © 2023 Chetna Mishra, Pooja Abbey, Rama Anand, Varinder Singh, Ravinder Kau | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 May 2023 | Published: 28 September 2023

About the author(s)

Chetna Mishra, Department of Radiology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
Pooja Abbey, Department of Radiology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
Rama Anand, Department of Radiology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
Varinder Singh, Department of Pediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
Ravinder Kaur, Department of Microbiology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

Abstract

Frequent imaging manifestations of pulmonary tuberculosis are airspace or interstitial nodules with or without tree-in-bud nodules, consolidation, cavitation, ground glass opacity, miliary nodules, lymphadenopathy and pleural effusion. It is unusual to encounter cystic changes in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, and these findings should be differentiated from other cystic lung diseases. This case series describes five cases of cystic lung disease in children with tuberculosis (TB) with illustrative chest radiography and CT findings.

Contribution: The manuscript highlights the need to consider tuberculosis as a possible cause of acquired cystic lung disease in appropriate clinical settings, particularly in endemic regions.


Keywords

pulmonary tuberculosis in children; cystic lung disease; pneumothorax; pulmonary tuberculosis; TB

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