Pictorial Review

Pictorial review of the post-operative cranium

Varsha Rangankar, Anmol Singh, Sanjay Khaladkar
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 27, No 1 | a2684 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v27i1.2684 | © 2023 Varsha Rangankar, Anmol Singh, Sanjay Khaladkar | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 March 2023 | Published: 21 July 2023

About the author(s)

Varsha Rangankar, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
Anmol Singh, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
Sanjay Khaladkar, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India

Abstract

Imaging evaluation of the brain and cranium after cranial surgery is a routine and significant part of the workflow of a radiology department. Various normal expected findings and early and late complications are associated with the post-operative cranium. In this pictorial review, the authors describe the typical imaging features of the spectrum of various conditions associated with cranial surgery with illustrative cases.

Contribution: A good knowledge and understanding of the spectrum of imaging appearances in the post-operative cranium is vital for the radiologist to accurately diagnose potential complications and distinguish them from normal post-operative findings, improving patient outcomes and guiding further treatment.


Keywords

cranium; craniotomy; craniectomy; complications; post-operative; Trephine syndrome; tension pneumocephalus; paradoxical herniation

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