Case Report

Human parechovirus meningoencephalitis

Pokhraj P. Suthar, Kathryn Hughes, Geetanjalee Kadam, Miral Jhaveri, Santhosh Gaddikeri
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 27, No 1 | a2589 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v27i1.2589 | © 2023 Pokhraj P. Suthar, Kathryn Hughes, Geetanjalee Kadam, Miral Jhaveri, Santhosh Gaddikeri | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 November 2022 | Published: 23 February 2023

About the author(s)

Pokhraj P. Suthar, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Kathryn Hughes, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Geetanjalee Kadam, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Miral Jhaveri, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Santhosh Gaddikeri, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, United States

Abstract

Human parechovirus-3 (HPeV-3) infection is one of the differential diagnoses of neonatal meningoencephalitis. A 13-day-old full-term female neonate presented with a seizure. Brain MRI showed classic imaging findings of the meningoencephalitis which was confirmed on cerebrospinal fluid analysis.

Contribution: The HPeV-3 is an emerging pathogen for neonatal meningoencephalitis. The case in this study is unique with classic imaging findings, which are not routinely encountered in day-to-day practice. This case raises reader awareness.


Keywords

meningoencephalits; human parechovirus; neonate; MRI; CSF

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Crossref Citations

1. Human parechovirus infections in children: modern concepts
A. M. Sabitova, V. A. Anokhin, S. V. Khaliullina, G. R. Fatkullina, A. E. Evdokimova
Rossiyskiy Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii (Russian Bulletin of Perinatology and Pediatrics)  vol: 68  issue: 5  first page: 5  year: 2023  
doi: 10.21508/1027-4065-2023-68-5-5-10