Case Series

Scar endometriosis: Looking beyond the diagnosis - A case series

Stuti Chandola, Anju Garg
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 26, No 1 | a2493 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v26i1.2493 | © 2022 Stuti Chandola, Anju Garg | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 May 2022 | Published: 29 November 2022

About the author(s)

Stuti Chandola, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Anju Garg, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India


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Abstract

Scar endometriosis usually affects the abdominal wall or the perineum. Virtually all cases are linked with some form of surgical manipulation. Although the clinical diagnosis of scar endometriosis may be straightforward with classical symptomology, imaging with ultrasound and MRI are important for the determination of its extent, which is imperative for adequate preoperative planning. In addition, assessment of perineal scar endometriosis also requires the identification of anal sphincter complex involvement, which can significantly impact the surgical approach. Radiology plays a vital role in its diagnosis in atypical clinical scenarios.

Contribution: This series of four cases describes the morphology and highlights the importance of imaging in the surgical management of scar endometriosis; three with abdominal wall involvement and one with the involvement of perineum.


Keywords

scar endometriosis; perineal scar endometriosis; abdominal wall endometriosis

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