Pictorial Review

Clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of aerodigestive tract foreign bodies in the paediatric population: Part 2

Rishi P. Mathew, Teresa I-Han Liang, Ahamed Kabeer, Vimal Patel, Gavin Low
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 25, No 1 | a2027 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v25i1.2027 | © 2021 Rishi P. Mathew, Teresa I-Han Liang, Ahamed Kabeer, Vimal Patel, Gavin Low | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 October 2020 | Published: 23 March 2021

About the author(s)

Rishi P. Mathew, Department of Radiology, Rajagiri Hospital, Aluva, India
Teresa I-Han Liang, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada
Ahamed Kabeer, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Rajagiri Hospital, Aluva, India
Vimal Patel, Radiology & Diagnostic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada
Gavin Low, Radiology & Diagnostic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada


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Abstract

Children, especially toddlers, because of their behaviour, physiology and anatomical characteristics such as oral exploration of their surroundings, have a tendency to place objects in their mouth. Therefore, ingestion or aspiration of foreign bodies (FBs) in children is a potentially life-threatening and common problem seen across the world. In this second part of our pictorial review on ingested and aspirated FBs, we focus on the paediatric population, reviewing the current literature and examining the epidemiology, clinical presentation, anatomic considerations, appropriate imaging modalities, key imaging characteristics associated with clinically relevant FBs in the emergency department (ED) and current management protocols.


Keywords

bronchoscopy; button battery; endoscopy; foreign bodies; ingestion; magnet

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