Original Research

Splenic artery embolisation in the non-operative management of blunt splenic trauma in adults

Richard J. Cormack, Mollie C.M. Ferris, Jason K. Wong, Stefan Przybojewski
South African Journal of Radiology | Vol 20, No 1 | a1014 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v20i1.1014 | © 2016 Richard J. Cormack, Mollie C.M. Ferris, Jason K. Wong, Stefan Przybojewski | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2016 | Published: 23 November 2016

About the author(s)

Richard J. Cormack, RCA Diagnostics, Calgary, Canada
Mollie C.M. Ferris, Foothills Medical Centre, University of Calgary, Canada
Jason K. Wong, Foothills Medical Centre, University of Calgary,, Canada
Stefan Przybojewski, Foothills Medical Centre, University of Calgary, Canada


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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the splenic salvage rate with angioembolisation in the non-operative management (NOM) of blunt splenic injury.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients presenting to our Level I trauma centre with computed tomography (CT)-confirmed splenic injury following blunt trauma and in whom angioembolisation was utilised in the algorithm of NOM. Data review included CT and angiography findings, embolisation technique and patient outcomes.

Results: Between January 2005 and April 2010, 60 patients with splenic injury following blunt trauma underwent NOM, which included splenic artery embolisation (SAE). All patients included in the study required a preadmission. CT scan was used to document the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grade of splenic injury. The average injury grade was 3.0. The non-operative splenic salvage rate following SAE was 96.7% with statistically similar salvage rates achieved for grades II to IV injuries. The quantity of haemoperitoneum and the presence of a splenic vascular injury did not significantly affect the splenic salvage rate. The overall complication rate was 27%, of which 15% were minor and 13% were major.

Conclusion: SAE is a safe and effective treatment strategy in the NOM of blunt splenic injury. The quantity of haemoperitoneum, the presence of vascular injury and embolisation technique did not significantly affect the splenic salvage rate.


Keywords

splenic artery embolization; nonoperative management

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